Bees: National Pollinator Strategy needs strengthening says coalition
The UK Government isn’t acting quickly enough on new evidence of the threats faced by bees and other pollinators in England, the Bee Coalition warned today, the first anniversary of the UK’s National Pollinator Strategy [NPS].
The report Policies for Pollinators, criticises the Government for failing to respond to a plethora of new studies linking the use of neonicotinoid insecticides with harm to bees. The Coalition says it’s neither credible nor possible to protect bees and pollinators whilst failing to act sufficiently on pesticides.
Earlier this year the Government controversially gave special permission for farmers in some parts of England to use ‘banned’ bee-harming pesticides this autumn. The High Court is expected to decide tomorrow (Thursday 5 November) whether or not Friends of the Earth can challenge this decision through the courts.
Habitat loss is also a major threat, and this is expected to become increasingly severe as climate change takes hold. But the Bee Coalition says the Government is failing to ensure that adequate pollinator-friendly habitat is being provided.
Although communities, individuals, businesses and local councils are taking voluntary steps to protect bees, stronger Government leadership is needed if action is to match the threats our pollinators face.
Furthermore, the significant amounts of public money spent on ‘greening’ our farmland may fail to help bees and other wildlife because the Government chose to allow farmers maximum flexibility in how they use the money.
The Bee Coalition is urging the Government to strengthen the NPS by introducing a number of measures including:
• a permanent ban on neonicotinoid insecticides and an action plan aimed at reducing overall use of all pesticides;
• stronger incentives for farmers to use bee-friendly farming techniques;
• tougher protection for remaining bee habitats, such as wildflower meadows, to ensure they are not lost to development;
• the creation of extensive and connected flower-rich bee-friendly habitat across our countryside, farmland and urban landscapes.
The Bee Coalition is also calling on the Government to bring forward its promised ‘refresh’ of the NPS – currently planned for 2019 – to take account of new evidence on pesticides and climate change.
The Bee Coalition includes Buglife, ClientEarth, Environmental Justice Foundation, Friends of the Earth, Natural Beekeeping Trust, Pesticide Action Network, Soil Association and The Wildlife Trusts.
Friends of the Earth bee campaigner Sandra Bell said:
“The Government may recognise the importance of protecting our bees and other pollinators, but far more must be done to safeguard their future.
“The National Pollinator Strategy needs to be strengthened with a permanent ban on bee-harming pesticides, a target for reducing all pesticide use, and tougher action to prevent the destruction of habitats that our pollinators depend on.”
Louise Payton, Policy Officer of the Soil Association said:
“The government is not willing to talk about the big elephant in the room: pesticides. And we aren’t just talking about neonicotinoids.
“It is time the government commits to reducing overall pesticide usage by supporting alternative methods like organic, as the report recommends. This will be good for farmers – and bees.
“Many farmers feel they are reliant on spraying up to twenty or so different costly chemicals on each of their fields every year. That’s clearly not sustainable, and is bad for the future for wildlife and food production.”
Matt Shardlow, CEO of Buglife said:
“It is also vitally important that measures are taken to enable and encourage the creation of suitable new connected habitats for our bees. Investment in this infrastructure is essential for our ongoing health and well-being.”
Tess Crean, toxics expert at ClientEarth, said:
“Toxic chemicals cause devastation to bees and other pollinators – the government must act now, before the damage can no longer be repaired.”
Notes to editors:
1. Policies for Pollinators. The need for Govt leadership in backing England’s bees | Bee coalition report.
2. The Bee Coalition includes Buglife, ClientEarth, Environmental Justice Foundation, Friends of the Earth, Natural Beekeeping Trust, Pesticide Action Network UK, Soil Association, and The Wildlife Trusts. These organisations are working together to express public concerns about the future of pollinators and the vital services they provide and to highlight to the Government the need for action surrounding their protection.
3. On Thursday 5 November the High Court is expected to decide whether or not to allow Friends of the Earth to challenge a Government decision to allow farmers to use ‘banned’ bee-harming pesticides in England.
4. There is now compelling evidence that neonicotinoids harm bees. For example, a study by Newcastle University, published in April 2015, found that bees preferred to feed on sucrose solutions laced with neonicotinoids than sucrose alone, and concluded that treating flowering crops with commonly used neonicotinoids “presents a sizeable hazard to foraging bees”. Field trials in Sweden found the use of neonicotinoid treated seeds “has negative effects on wild bees, with potential negative effects on populations”. These studies form part of a plethora of new evidence published over the last year.
5. Any strategy to protect pollinators must address the issue of risks from pesticides. Unfortunately, the NPS is especially weak in this area. Neither the NPS nor the UK’s National Action Plan on pesticides contains targets, plans or measures to reduce the use of pesticides on farms, in horticulture or in gardens, despite the UK’s legal obligation towards achieving sustainable pesticide use (EU Directive 2009/128/EC).
6. CAP reform has introduced ‘Greening’, which links one third of the subsidy cheque received by farmers to new environmental requirements, such as obligations to create Ecological Focus Areas. In England, the Government has chosen to offer farmers the maximum amount of flexibility in how they implement Greening, meaning that there is no guarantee that Greening will deliver improvements for pollinators and other wildlife in the farmed landscape.
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